the disgusting consequences of plastic-bag bans
Conservatives often point out that no matter how moderate the law may seem, there are unnecessary consequences.
Their impact may not be expected by many, and no one wants to: raising the minimum wage will increase unemployment;
Black market can be banned.
Efforts by many cities to stop the use of plastic bags suggest that this unintended consequence could be a serious one.
San Francisco has been discouraging plastic bags since the 7 th of last century, saying it takes too much oil to make them, while plastic bags pollute the waterways and kill marine animals.
The law was strengthened in 2012.
Some West Coast cities, including Seattle and Los Angeles, have also imposed bans for environmental reasons.
Washington SAR government. C.
5 cents of plastic. bag tax. (
Because taxes are unpopular, advocates prefer to call them \"fees \". )
Environmental groups and celebrity activists including Eva Longoria and Julia Luis
Support these laws, dreyforth. The plastic-
Predictably, the bag making industry wants to throw them away.
It says plastic bags are made to provide living space for 30,000 of hard plasticworking, law-
Patriotic Americans, many of them have lovely children who need support.
It cited a 2007 report from the San Francisco environmental department, which said that the ban\'s target-plastic bags in retail locations accounted for only 0.
6% of garbage
The most shocking thing is that the industry has highlighted news reports linking reusable shopping bags to the spread of disease.
As the Los Angeles Times reported on last May: \"A reusablegrocery bag left in the hotel bathroom triggered an outbreak of the norlike virus --
Oregon researchers reported Wednesday that on October, nine of the 13 women\'s soccer team members had diarrhea and nausea.
The Novo virus may not have political influence, but it is also apparently boycotting plastic bags.
The warning of the disease seems to be excessive. the-
But research shows that there are more anecdotes after the talk point in the industry.
In a 2011 study, four researchers examined reusable bags in California and Arizona and found that they contained coliform bacteria.
The problem seems to be the user\'s habit. Seventy-
They put meat and vegetables in the same bag.
When the bag is placed in the trunk of a hot car for two hours, bacteria breed in large quantities.
The study also happily found that baijielin 99 was washed.
9% of bacteria.
However, it found that 97% of people reported that they never washed their luggage, which even weakened the good news.
Jonathan Klick and Joshua Wright are law professors at the University of Pennsylvania and George Mason, respectively, who recently conducted a study of the public --
Effects of plastic on healthbag bans.
They found an emergency.
Room admissions related to E
After the ban, E. coli infections in San Francisco increased. (
The nearby counties did not show this growth. )
Once the ban comes into effect, that effect appears. (
\"There is a clear inconsistency in the adoption. ”)
The San Francisco ban is also linked to an increase in salmonella and other bacterial infections.
Similar effects have been found in other towns in California that have passed similar laws.
Klick and Wright estimated that the death toll from food poisoning in San Francisco increased by 46%, or 5.
They have five more each year.
Then they run through the cost-
The benefit analysis uses the same estimates used by the Environmental Protection Agency in assessing regulations that should save lives for the value of human life.
Their conclusion isplastic-
Package policy cannot pass the test--
Before calculating a higher level of health
The cost of care they incur.
The author\'s view that regular cleaning and drying of reusable bags can solve this problem is not entirely convincing.
They point out that using hot water and detergent also increases the cost of the environment.
Reusable bags require more energy than plastic bags.
The most powerful argument, in my opinion, is the number 97%: it doesn\'t seem likely to happen, regardless of the benefits of cleaning the bag regularly.
The best way for the government, then, might be to encourage people to recycle their plastic bags ---
Or, maybe, just let people make their own decisions. Plastic-
On a long list of disturbing political issues, the bag ban is another, and on those issues I disagree with Eva Longoria. (
Ramesh Ponnuru is a Bloomberg opinion columnist, visiting researcher at the American Enterprise Institute and State review of senior editors.
His own opinion is expressed. )
Contact the author of this article: Ramesh Ponnuru of rponnuru @ bloomberg.
Net contact the editor in charge of the article: Timothy Lavin of tlavin1 @ bloomberg.