technical appraisal of an industrial project
Research in depth to ensure that a project is (i)
Reasonable design ,(ii)
Appropriate design and (iii)
Follow recognized standards.
These considerations vary from project to project.
However, in any case, the focus is on the inputs required for the project and the resulting output of goods and services.
In other words, such an assessment determines
Prerequisites for successful projects have been covered and good choices have been made in the following areas (i)location, (ii)
Factory capacity ,(iii)
Raw material requirements and (iv)
Other factors such as the availability of required professionals, technicians and workers.
In addition, the project cost was estimated and manufacturing costs were subsequently developed.
Adverse environmental impacts, if any, are also visualized and efforts are made to reduce this impact through better project design, including sewage treatment and noise treatment.
The center will briefly cover the following technical aspects: technical soundness: the best alternative to technical positioning capabilities: the target state of technology for economic development (a)
The raw materials are suitable for the products needed for manufacturing and some raw materials can be used, which brings the same good results.
Therefore, the economic availability of raw materials in the region should be studied and mechanical selection should be carried out accordingly.
For example, rock sugar can be made from sugar cane, sugar beet and sweet potato.
Similarly, liquid sugar can be extracted from corn, corn, or fruit.
It is possible to convert sea salt or ordinary salt into soda ash.
Paper and cardboard can be made with cotton stickiness from wood, sugar cane, grain shells, wheat straw and limestone, which determines whether the printing process should be wet or dry.
In order to make fertilizer, a variety of alternatives such as air, gas, water, coal, coke, wood and gypsum edible oil such as palm, soybean, cotton, sunflower and rice crust can be extracted from different sources. (b)
When choosing the right technology, local conditions should remain the same as heat, dust, rain or cold.
Other relevant factors, such as power disruption, literacy and low skills, were also considered. In case of low-literacy, semi-
Automatic processes should be introduced. (c)
This process should be good with proven technologytried.
If this is a new process, a performance bond should be obtained from a mechanical supplier, which should be secured by a well-known international bank.
In Pakistan, a factory that makes seamless pipes is based on heat-
It is said that this is the first such process in the world since the age of 60.
Similarly, a rice-based cooking oil projectbran.
However, gluten must be brought to the mill within 24 hours, otherwise the extracted oil is not suitable for human consumption due to the presence of free fatty acids. (d)
In addition, the factory should be flexible for any change in size or switch to other varieties.
The factory must have some additional features
Ensure a variety of features.
In addition, in order to keep fixed capital expenditures low, it should be purchased from cheaper sources.
Choose locations from the perspective of operational advantages, financial advantages and government policies.
The specific discussion is as follows:)
Operational advantages (1)
A cement plant refinery requiring shale and gypsum sugar mills to be located in a port or oilfield in the composition area (2)
Very close to the car marketparts (
Automobile Assembly Factory)Services(
Hotels, banks, training institutions)(3)
The availability of personnel software developers should be in areas with many computer universities.
Engineering goods in concentrated areas of skilled workers (
Lahore and gulanwala)
In those areas where there is cheap labor, labor-intensive projects like jute and textile mills. (4)Infra-
Structural nature of water and waste disposal
Social facilities (printing/paper mill)5)
The pleasant climatic conditions of the tourism complex/health resort have ecological requirements for mineral water.
Financial advantages, subsidies, grants and allowances provided by the government, banks provide cheaper credit through the support of the central bank.
Reduced utility rates (c)
Location policy-Public Policy
In the absence of any industry that could create an incentive mechanism for the United Nations
The attractive area is the establishment of public sector projects such as steel mills, petrochemical industries, resulting in either a branch or a lower branchStream project.
Development of Infrastructurestructure.
Capacity should be selected according to current and future requirements.
It becomes in (i)
If the capacity is too large, it will be idle and (ii)
Business loss if capacity is low.
In addition, technical requirements and resource constraints should be kept in mind. (a)
Technical requirements (
Minimum economic scale)Sugar Plant -
6,000 tons/day spinning unit-
25,000 ingot/day cement plant-
7,000 tons/day, especially when operating the rotary kiln. (b)
The supply of basic raw materials may be limited for a limited period of foreign exchange supply, which is very critical.
The project could not be put into operation and could not find any market.
While those who were later on had an outdated product, no one would even buy it at a low price. (a)
Previously, a project to produce polyethylene shopping bags began production in China. made waste-
The price of paper bags is 10% of the price of plastic bags.
As a result, the price of plastic bags is very high and the factory has to be closed after one year\'s business failure.
If such a factory is set up now, it will again face marketing difficulties because plastic shopping bags are being discouraged all over the world. (b)
Later, when the product had become redundant, another project began to manufacture a manual typewriter.
The objectives and objectives of the project have also shaped the project as described below:a)
Job creation is the goal, the project must be half
Automation and labor intensive near town. (b)
If earning foreign exchange is the purpose of the project, it must produce defective products.
Quality comparison between gray
Cloth produced by power loom and shuttle loom. (c)
If balanced regional growth is targeted, these projects must be built away from neglected areas.
These projects are usually low in technology.
Because there are no maintenance facilities near the factory, automatic and sturdy machines are not complicated.
If the goal is to balance industrial growth, people will choose new industries, resulting in greater risks than traditional industries.
Lack of infrastructure for economic development
Structural communication may hinder the establishment of some projects, such as those that require a lot of water, electricity or natural gas.
Only when the public is fully aware of the good health impact of corn oil will some products, such as corn oil, be introduced.
Available options (a)
Considering the degree of automation, the economic situation, a project can be a labor force.
Intensive or capitalintensive.
Consumption-oriented labor-intensive projects.
Workers have a lower tendency to save and consume wages when purchasing basic goods and services, which will expand the market.
Inflation, because the gestation period in these countries is very small, quickly matches the money supply.
It is said that these are environmental protection.
Capital-intensive projects are investment-oriented because they have high-paying engineers and administrators who are more inclined to save.
These have led to the transfer of technology, resulting in lower costs due to economies of scale. (b)
Other options for different markets
A project can produce various products according to market segments, such as thick, medium and fine varieties.
It can cater to the export or local market.
Forward or backward integration-
A project can be installed under the grand plan of backward integration, which means moving towards the source of raw materials.
It has a great advantage when it comes to a specialized market.
If a company is producing clothing, it can consider setting up a cloth finishing plant to own its own supplies.
In the case of forward integration, it will develop to the end customer, just like a company that opens a point of sale to sell goods directly to the customer.
Sample technical report for the project: The project envisions the expansion of the company\'s existing textile facilities by adding 30 Picanol/Toyoda Zhangnan jet looms and related equipment.
It will be completed at the cost of rupees.
0. 5 billion, and will have the ability to produce 7 million of the gray cloth.
Location: The project involves the expansion of existing textile facilities located on Multan Road, Lahore.
The site is well developed and connected by road.
All the infrastructure and manpower are available.
Building: An additional 9,680 square meters.
The meters covering the area will be required to accommodate the he loom shed, the beam shop, the warp and styling sections, and the service bay.
Raw materials: cotton, rich in raw materials in the region.
Utilities: there is no difficulty in getting the required amount of water.
Through its own private power plant will meet the requirements of 1,000 quarts.
Knowledge of manpower and technology
How to: Have the Right qualified and experienced technicians.
It is estimated that the labor force is 57 skilled workers and 38 semi-skilled workers will also be introduced.
No difficulties were foreseen for the availability of the laboratory.
Environmental considerations: the proposed project will not cause any harm to the environment.
Construction progress: it will take about a year to complete the project.