malaysia needs to upgrade to 5r

by:Chengbai     2020-06-22
Walking on the streets of the city, in kampung, along the beach, in the forest, in fact anywhere in the country, you will inevitably see it-plastic garbage.
This is the most common garbage in our country. it not only floods our country, but also floods the whole earth.
Even the ocean is full of plastic waste.
Plastic pollution is one of the most basic environmental problems we face today.
Unfortunately, we tend to forget that we are the biggest culprit behind this problem and we have to take drastic action to reduce and end plastic pollution at the end.
Malaysians use 3 billion plastic bags a year.
Control even charges people for using them, just like the \"No Plastic Bag Day\" every Saturday in the country, Selangor\'s consumers are charged 20 Sen for plastic shopping bags, it is not enough to solve this problem.
Use of control sheets
The use of plastic shopping bags does reduce the amount of plastic waste, but we often ignore the right alternatives to identify these bags.
Because we still need shopping bags for shopping, sometimes we inevitably use plastic bags even if we spend 20 Sen.
In addition to plastic bags, almost all packaging, from drinks to food and cleaning agents, is plastic.
Current rules and policies for reducing plastic pollution in Asian countries seem to mainly encourage the use of bags made of biodegradable plastics, paper bags and non-biodegradable plastics
Woven shopping bags.
The most commercial
Available and cheap biodegradable plastic bags are still plastic and fossil fuelsbased.
Only bags that meet the ASTM D6400 or EN 13432 composite standards are truly biodegradable.
Over time, traditional plastic bags will break down into smaller, more toxic oil
The polymer will eventually pollute our soil and water, and it is possible to enter the food chain of animals and humans.
Thus, although these so-called \"green\" Plastic bags are split into pieces in landfill sites and waterways, they cause micro-plastic contamination and pose a risk to marine life and other ecosystems. Non-
Woven shopping bags are cheaper light bags that look and feel like fabrics, usually distributed as gift bags at events or sold at supermarket checkout counters.
These should be avoided because they are made of polypropylene, so although they are similar to cotton or fabric, they are also plastic.
They are not durable and usually contain lead, which is easily broken down into plastic fibers, resulting in micro-plastic contamination.
No recovery, recovery or compost is possible.
Paper bags, though as long as there is no plastic coating, plastic-
The ambient price based on glue or laminate is high compared to plastic bags because they require a lot of water and energy to make.
However, since they are less harmful to human health once discarded, they can be safely used as food packaging.
Nevertheless, replacing plastic bags with paper bags does not effectively reduce waste, as paper bags are often single
Use, they cannot be recycled once they become wet or contaminated with food, grease or dirt.
According to a study by Jambeck and others (
Published in the Journal of Science, February 2015)
Malaysia is the eighth largest producer of poorly managed plastic waste.
Waste not properly disposed of or recovered)
Of the 192 coastal countries in the world
The study estimates that Malaysia will produce 0. 94 billion of poorly managed plastic waste in 2010, of which 140 to 0. 37 billion will be washed into the ocean.
13% of Malaysia\'s solid waste is plastic, of which 55% are poorly managed.
When it rains, a small part of the garbage thrown on the street is often washed into the rainwater pipeline.
Then these flows into rivers and other waterways, and finally into the sea, resulting in micro-plastic pollution that destroys marine life.
So instead of eating healthy seafood, we are eating micro plastic. polluted ones.
More than 100 million marine animals die each year due to plastic pollution in the ocean.
At present, it is estimated that there are 100 million tons of plastic in the oceans around the world.
Marine plastic pollution has affected at least 267 species worldwide, including 86% of all turtle species, 44% of all seabirds and 43% of all marine mammal species.
Seabirds foraging on the surface of the ocean are particularly prone to floating plastic debris.
When plastic breaks in the ocean, they release potentially toxic chemicals such as biphenol (BPA)
When they are consumed by marine animals, they can enter the food chain.
In order to effectively reduce plastic pollution, we need to change the attitude towards the use and treatment of plastic. Long-
The term \"solution\" includes the creation of innovative solutions to increase recycling and compost and to continuously reduce the need for garbage bags.
There must be incentives and laws to make it easier for families and businesses to process waste without using garbage bags and to sell food and consumer goods without plastic packaging and other packaging.
Public awareness of plastic pollution and its effects and recycling activities must be raised.
It\'s also time to add two more important elements to the current 3R (
Reduce, reuse, recycle)
Spells, these are rejected and removed.
Malaysia needs to increase the number of collection boxes and place them across the country rather than focusing so much on limiting the use of plastic shopping bags.
Plastic packaging to reduce consumables and non-Consumables
Consumer goods with innovative green technology and environment
Friendly material.
We have a lot of solutions and choices to do, but in the end it is important to be willing to do the right and responsible things-the decision depends on each of us.
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